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A free, comprehensive, peer-reviewed, award-winning Open Text for students and faculty in college-level courses that require writing and research.

How to use Writing Commons?

Welcome to Writing Commons, the open-education home for writers. Writing Commons helps students improve their writing, critical thinking, and information literacy. Founded in 2008 by Joseph M. Moxley, Writing Commons is a viable alternative to expensive writing textbooks. Faculty may assign Writing Commons for their compositionbusiness, STEM/Technical Writing, and creative writing courses. 

Writing Commons houses seven main sections: Information Literacy | Research Methods & Methodologies | Writing Processes | Collaboration | Genres | New Media | Style 

The two best ways to navigate through Writing Commons are using the top menu navigation, called Open Text, or the left-hand navigation menu system.  

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Block Quotations (APA)

When should a block quotation be used?

A block quotation is an extract consisting of more than 40 words from another author’s work. Block quotations should be used in moderation, typically when using another writer’s words is a more effective way of illustrating an idea. Avoid using block quotations excessively as this practice gives the reader the impression that you are inexperienced in the subject or are simply filling pages to meet a word count requirement.

How should a block quotation be formatted?

While a short quotation is enclosed in quotation marks and integrated into the surrounding paragraph, a block quotation is an independent paragraph that is indented five spaces from the left margin. This type of quotation should be double-spaced like the rest of the paper, but it should not be enclosed in quotation marks. In a block quotation, the parenthetical in-text citation should follow directly after the end punctuation of the final sentence. Note the placement order of the quotation marks, parentheses, and period.

Let's look at two examples:

  • One researcher outlines the viewpoints of both parties:

Freedom of research is undoubtedly a cherished ideal in our society. In that respect research has an interest in being free, independent and unrestricted. Such interests weigh against regulations. On the other hand, research should also be valid, verifiable, and unbiased, to attain the overarching goal of gaining obtaining [sic] generalisable knowledge. (Simonsen, 2012, p. 46) [1]

Note that although the block quotation is formatted as a separate block of text, it is preceded by an introductory phrase or sentence(s) followed by a colon. If the author’s name and the year of publication appear in the introductory sentence, the parenthetical in-text citation at the end of the paragraph should simply include the page number(s) of the original text, as shown in this example:

  • Simonsen (2012) outlines the two opposing viewpoints:

Freedom of research is undoubtedly a cherished ideal in our society. In that respect research has an interest in being free, independent and unrestricted. Such interests weigh against regulations. On the other hand, research should also be valid, verifiable, and unbiased, to attain the overarching goal of gaining obtaining [sic] generalisable knowledge. (p. 46)

For more information about using quotations, see also:


 [1] Simonsen, S. (2012). Acceptable risk in biomedical research. New York, NY: Springer

The Aaron Swartz Best Webtext Award 2014

The Aaron Swartz Best Webtext Award 2014

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Welcker","votes":"4","pct":"0.84","type":"x","order":"21","resources":[{"type":"url","option_id":"33","value":"http:\/\/www.writingcommons.org\/open-text\/genres\/creative-writing\/fiction\/1230-four-basic-principles-in-writing-fiction"}]},{"id":"34","title":"Preparing Job Materials: Reading Job Aids by Megan McIntyre and Cassandra Branham","votes":"5","pct":"1.05","type":"x","order":"22","resources":[{"type":"url","option_id":"34","value":"http:\/\/www.writingcommons.org\/open-text\/genres\/professional-business-and-technical-writing\/business-writing-in-action\/1221-preparing-job-materials-reading-job-ads"}]},{"id":"35","title":"Writing a Cover Letter by Megan McIntyre and Cassandra Branham","votes":"12","pct":"2.51","type":"x","order":"23","resources":[{"type":"url","option_id":"35","value":"http:\/\/www.writingcommons.org\/open-text\/genres\/professional-business-and-technical-writing\/business-writing-in-action\/1222-writing-a-cover-letter"}]}] ["#ff5b00","#4ac0f2","#b80028","#eef66c","#60bb22","#b96a9a","#62c2cc"] sbar 200 200 /comm-polls-home-layout/vote/3-best-webtext-of-2014 No answer selected. Please try again. Thank you for your vote. Answers Votes ...

The Aaron Swartz Story

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Plugs Play Pedagogy Blog

"

Kyle Stedman is assistant professor of English at Rockford University, where he teaches first-year composition, digital rhetoric, and creative writing. He studies rhetorics of sound, intellectual property, and fan studies. On QuizUp, his highest scores are in Lost (the TV show)..."

Episode 8: Looking into the Fish Tank: Tiny Encounters at CCCC
Plugs, Play, Pedagogy Podcast
stream below // download the mp3 // subscribe on iTunes, Stitcher, or Podigee Transcript available here. Part 1: Tiny Encounters As I walked the 2015 meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication, I stuck a mic in people's faces and asked them a simple question: what do you care about that you wish other people knew about? You'll hear lots of answers in the episode from these people, in this order: Heather Branstetter, Virginia Military Institute, @findheatherlee Rachel...
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