Critical Literacy

Critical literacy concerns critical readingis concerned with rhetorical analysis of power relationships. engages students in metacognition and self reflection about the Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose of knowledge claims.

Read full article...

Information

Information is the message that the rhetor aims to communicatethe message the rhetor conveys even if unconsciously, unintentionally, subliminallythe message the audience infers from reading or listening. Examples of information, messages are Synonyms: Message, Evidence, Content, Data, Subject Matter, Details People share, critique, and develop information by engaging in literacy practices (reading & writing). Information may be conveyed symbolically through languages medium, texts, genresconveyed nonverbally. For example, people experience sunlight, darkness, and weather as a form of information. Information is encoded in languages--i.e., symbol systems. Thus, literacy--the practice of reading...

Read full article...

Literacy

Literacy is "the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute" (UNESCO 2006)."the ability to use printed and written information to function in society, to achieve one's goals, and to develop one's knowledge and potential" (National Center for Education Statistics) "the ability to read and write in home, workplace, and community settings." (See World Bank, https://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/ed-stats.) “One hears a great deal of protest today about the lack of interest in reading. Much of this protest is justified, but the implication which it often carries is not, for it often...

Read full article...

Purpose (The CRAAP Test)

Purpose, as used by Librarians or Information Theorists (as opposed to the way Rhetoricians reference Purpose) concerns questioning What can you determine about the source's purpose? Does it have political, ideological, cultural, or other biases that may slant the information? Purpose is one of the five critical reading concerns proposed by Sarah Blakeslee (2004): Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose. See Also: Purpose (Rhetoric) When gathering information to use as evidence in your research project, you need to pay careful attention to the purpose of the source. Ask yourself if the...

Read full article...

Currency

Currency refers to perceived validity of a rhetor's knowledge claim to a particular discourse community/community of practice at a particular moment in time. Currency is one of the five critical reading concerns proposed by Sarah Blakeslee (2004): Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose. Scholarship is a conversation and ideas evolve over time. That's why it's so important to question whether the information you have is up to date. Thus, current research may reinforce or, alternatively, repudiate prior research.  Readers--and this is especially true of teachers in school settings as well as...

Read full article...

Authority

Authority refers to the perceived validity of a rhetor's knowledge claim. Evaluating the authority of a resource means to consider the whether the author is qualified to write on the topic and if the publisher is trustworthy. Who is the author and what are his or her credentials? Is it written for an academic or for a general audience? The Authority of a text may be considered independently from its Currency. Authority is one of the five critical reading concerns proposed by Sarah Blakeslee (2004): Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose....

Read full article...

White Space

White space is the unmarked portion of your document. That includes margins, spaces between lines or columns, and unused spaces in graphics and charts. White space is an essential element that affects not only the aesthetics of the document, but also the effectiveness of the information that you’re trying to convey. The use of white space is most likely the last thing on your mind, especially when you’re working on a document that needs to do a lot in a very small amount of space, like a resume. You may...

Read full article...

Accuracy

Information from unreliable sources is not always true, up-to-date, or accurate. Using unreliable sources weaken the credibility of the writer, dilute the writer’s argument, and detract from the overall strength of the text. Authority is one of the five critical reading concerns proposed by Sarah Blakeslee (2004): Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose. While the Internet provides a plethora of information on almost any topic imaginable, not all of its content can be trusted. Students should be cautiously selective while doing research and avoid sources that may contain unreliable information: Popular...

Read full article...

Relevance

The relevancy of a cited source relates to how well the source you have selected meets your information need. Relevancy, when applied to quoted or paraphrased text, means that the point you are trying to make within the context of your text is directly supported by the text you have chosen to quote or paraphrase. Relevance is one of the five critical reading concerns proposed by Sarah Blakeslee (2004): Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, Purpose. Judging the relevancy of a source can be trickier than you might think. If the source...

Read full article...

Popular vs. Scholarly Sources

What is the difference between popular and scholarly sources? There are a few key differences between popular and scholarly sources. One of the biggest reasons for the distinction is that your academic writing will most likely need scholarly work to support your thesis. Scholarly sources generally support their claims with research and other works that have been peer-reviewed. The peer review process allows for other experts on a particular topic to assess the claims of an article and, in many cases, ask for the author to revise the writing to...

Read full article...