Broadly defined, information literacy refers to the ability to "recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information" (American Library Association 1989). More specifically, information literacy refers to the ability to:
- "Determine the extent of information needed
- Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
- Evaluate information and its sources critically
- Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base
- Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
- Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally" (ACRL 2000).
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