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Use visuals to develop and organize your ideas. Understand and explore the value of diagramming and mapping strategies.

Visuals present a powerful and thought-provoking way to develop and organize ideas. Some neuroscientists "estimate that we get up to 80 percent of our information by visual means" (Horn 21). Images convey meaning just as words do. In fact, images are saturated with meanings that sometimes hit us at a subconscious level; images motivate us to act or feel strong emotion. As a result, writers use images both to depict what they've already written--in a new visual form--and as an invention technique.

Methods of Modeling

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Creative people often depict a theory they've developed in graphic form. In some disciplines, modeling is the norm. Engineers, for example, routinely draw depictions of processes and then use flow diagrams to help organize their thoughts. Psychologists use box diagrams to depict how the human memory works. Geologists draw groundwater models to theorize about water flow. Historians draw timelines to look at the emergence of ideas over time. Writing teachers draw pictures depicting how they believe writers compose. Just about every discipline has developed procedures for drawing pictures about important theories, ideas, people, and events.

Concept Maps

Concept maps enable you to display complex information visually, thereby engaging the power of the human brain to take in the gestalt, the whole, at a glance. The types of concept maps outlined in the box below can help you to:

  1. Generate and think critically about ideas

  2. Visualize a lengthy, complex topic on one page

  3. See information in new ways

  4. Understand processes and complex information

  5. Communicate with visual learners

  6. See gaps in logic, contradictions

  7. Organize collaborative brainstorming sessions, helping groups of people collaborate on a problem

Clustering/spider maps: Use clustering to stimulate your creativity

Timeline/flowchart maps: Use timelines to visually represent biographies, ideas, events, and systems over time

Hierarchical maps: Impose an order on your ideas as you create, moving from the general to the specific (or vice versa)

Systems concept maps: Chart the effects and movements of a system by denoting an "input" and "output"

Modeling/theory maps: The most sophisticated of all of the mapping techniques, modeling/theory maps chronological, hierarchical, and system properties all bound together, attempting to render complex relationships visually