Dialectic

Dialectic is the process of reasoned dialog and logical analysis. Argument is a form of dialect. Synonyms: Debate, Rational Discourse, Legal Analysis, Scholarship as a Conversation People engage in dialectics (spoken dialog or written dialog with others) when they debate one another in face-to-face situationswhen they use logical reasoning to debate interpretations of events and texts.when they engage in logical reasoning about opposing ideas, topics, theses/research questions, research methods--and so on. when they engage in Information Literacy practices, particularly Critical Literacy, summary, paraphrase, and citation. Dialectics is sometimes referred to...

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Epistemology

Epistemology is a theory of knowledge, a philosophy, that questions how humans develop knowledge a Catechism, a doctrine, the fundamental beliefs of a discourse community regarding the study of knowledge: What is knowledge? What is the scope of knowledge?How do we know what we know?the study of reasoning:how do we reason from sense experience and observation (empiricism)?how do we reason from texts?how do we reason from conversations, debate, research?how we justify beliefs? Key Words: Ways of Knowing; Theory of Knowledge; Philosophical Framework Epistemologists ask fundamental questions about what we know,...

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Warrant

Warrants are assumptions that link claims to grounds. Warrants can be scientific laws, principles of historical interpretation, a law statute or psychological generalization about human behavior. Warrants may be implied or explicitly stated to support an argument. Source: Kneupper, Charles W. "Teaching Argument: An Introduction to the Toulmin Model." CCC 29 (19758), 238.

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Claim

Claim are assertions, typically about Cause & EffectsExample: Learning to write well helps people achieve financial independence Claims of FactExample: U.S. literacy levels are ranked #13 in the world, after countries like Japan, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, according to the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies DefinitionsExample: Literacy is "the ability to use printed and written information to function in society, to achieve one's goals, and to develop one's knowledge and potential" (National Center for Education Statistics) PoliciesExample: Students should be given opportunities to write frequently and receive...

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Text & Intertextuality

Text & Intertextuality are interrelated concepts that are best understood in relation to one another. A text is anything that can be read or interpreteda signifier, an effort to embody thought via some sort of signa dynamic, networked, socio-cultural-historical artifact. Intertextuality is the network of relations among texts and textual interpretationsthe ways relationships among texts influence (1) the production and (2) the interpretation of texts. Key Words: Intertextuality; Communication; Semiotics, Textual Research; Textual Analysis; Symbol Analyst. Texts When you first consider what text means, you probably think about books and...

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Medium, Media

Medium is a method of communicationa communication channelthe tools and materials used to communicatethe processes writers and speakers engage in to transmit, receive and archive messages The plural for Medium is Media. Synonyms: communication channel, materials, writing tools, writing spaces Medium (or Media) is a broad term that includes the materials and tools that writers and speakers use to compose, archive, and convey messages, including symbol systemse.g., alphabetical text, mathematical symbols, musical symbols, computer codea pen, pencil, or stylusa printed page, a computer screen, a canvas for paintinghard drives, computer...

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