Academic Prose Style

Academic Prose Style is a style of writing that is produced by students, professors, and investigators who belong to an academic discipline or a community that ascribes to the values of academe. A text that reflects an academic prose style is Research-basedAcademic writing tends to be grounded in textual and empirical evidence. Appeals to logos are privileged over appeals to ethos and pathos. Thoughtful, well reasoned, detailedAcademic writing tends to be substantive rather than vague or underdeveloped. Writers tend to specialize and go into great depth. Reflective, self-critical Academic writing...

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Styles of Writing

Styles of Writing refers to categories of writing. People categorize writing based on the aims of discourse or modes of writinge.g., Classification, Definition, Description, Exemplification, Exposition, Narration, and Persuasion) or genre of writing.)the writer's use of stylistic elements, e.g., Brevity, Clutter, Concision; Clarity, Simplicity; Flow, Coherence, Unity; Diction; Grammar; Mechanics.the writer's use of rhetorical elements, Rhetorical Stance; Persona; Point of View; Tone; Voice. Different media, genres of writing, and rhetorical situations invoke different writing styles. Thus, writers need to reflect on their style in relation to their rhetorical situation.

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Phrases, Essential and Non-essential Phrases

A phrase is a group of words that lacks a subject (an actor) and a verb (an action): after the market correction (prepositional phrase)the clever stock traders (noun phrase)were ready to buy the dip  (verb phrase). An Essential Phrase is a phrase that contains the information needed to complete the meaning of the sentence. A Non-Essential Phrase is a phrase that contains information that isn't needed in the sentence for the sentence to retain its meaning. Synonymous Terms: The terms restrictive or non-restrictive information are synonymous to Essential Phrase or Non-Essential...

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Vague Language, Generalizations

Vague Language refers to language that is underdeveloped, lacks substance, and is needlessly abstracthas an excessive number of non-specific adjectives like good, bad, okay, pretty, happy, and sad, which give an audience only a superficial and general sense of emotion or description.lacks concrete and sensory languageuses qualifiers like sort of, kind of, and generally without further explanation. Vague Generalizations refers to a sweeping statement about a group of people, things, topic. There are many reasons why a writer’s pose style may be described as weak or underdeveloped. Here are just...

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Active vs. Passive Voice

Active and passive voices are two ways of describing how sentences create relationships between actors, actions, and objects of actions: Sentences in active voice put those elements in this order: Actor + Action + Object of Action. Sentences in passive voice put those elements in a different order, and sometimes even leave out the actor element: Object of Action + Action (+ Actor). This changes what would normally be the direct object or indirect object into the subject of a sentence. Active voice focuses on who did what. Passive voice...

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Word Form

English has different forms of words that convey different meanings. 1. For instance, the third person singular verb in English has an -s on the end. He sits on the bus, while I stand, and they hold on. 2. Adding -ing to a verb means that it is happening in the present time. He is sitting on the bus right now. 3. Adding –ed to a verb means that it happened in the past. They danced in the moonlight. English has a number of irregular verb forms, though, so this...

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Choppy Writing

Choppy writing uses short words and simplistic diction. short, primer-style sentences (i.e., sentences that don't connect to each other). How can I improve choppy writing? Connect some of your ideas together with conjunctions and/or segues. Make two short sentences into one longer one. Writing feels choppy when the sentences are very short, and the sentences do not connect to each other. Choppy writing sounds like it has been written by someone who can only use the basic words of the English language. Add some introductory phrases (transitions, modifiers, or infinitive...

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Contractions

Contractions are a way to combine two words with an apostrophe. Here are some examples: Should I use contractions in my paper? Some disciplines do not have a problem with contractions in writing. If you received this comment, though, this assignment requires you to use formal language. You will need to spell out your contractions. Consider your audience when writing this assignment. If you write casually, they will think that you do not care about your topic. By using formal language, you are showing your audience that you respect them...

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Vocabulary

Vocabulary is so highly correlated with high scores/grades that ETS (Educational Testing Service) and Pearson Education use vaculary and sentence length to predict grades and scores in their machine-learning algorithms.

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