At first glance, academic and reflection can sound like contradictory concepts.
Writing an academic reflection essay often involves striking a balance
between a traditional, academic paper and a reflective essay. In order to find
this balance, consider the terms that encompass the title of the assignment.
The term “academic” suggests that the writer will be expected to observe
conventions for academic writing, such as using a professional tone and
crafting a thesis statement. On the other hand, the term “reflection” implies
that the writer should critically reflect on his or her work, project, or writing
process, depending on the assignment, and draw conclusions based on
In general, an academic reflection essay is a combination of these two ideas:
writers should observe conventions for academic writing while critically
reflecting on their experience or project. Note that the term “critically”
suggests that the writing should not merely tell the reader what happened,
what you did, or what you learned. Critical reflection takes the writing one
step further and entails making an evaluative claim about the experience
or project under discussion. Beyond telling readers what happened, critical
reflection tends to discuss why it matters and how it contributed to the
effectiveness of the project.
Striking the proper balance between critical reflection and academic essay
is always determined by the demands of the particular writing situation,
so writers should first consider their purpose for writing, their audience,
and the project guidelines. While the subject matter of academic reflections
is not always “academic,” the writer will usually still be expected to adapt
their arguments and points to academic conventions for thesis statements,
evidence, organization, style, and formatting.
Several strategies for crafting an academic reflection essay are outlined
below based on three important areas: focus, evidence, and organization.
A thesis statement for an academic reflection essay is often an evaluative
claim about your experiences with a process or assignment. Several
strategies to consider for a thesis statement in an academic reflection essay
Being Critical: It is important to ensure that the evaluative claim does
not simply state the obvious, such as that you completed the assignment,
or that you did or did not like it. Instead, make a critical claim about
whether or not the project was effective in fulfilling its purpose, or
whether the project raised new questions for you to consider and
somehow changed your perspective on your topic.
Placement: For some academic reflection essays, the thesis may not
come in the introduction but at the end of the paper, once the writer has
fully explained his or her experiences with the project. Think about where
the placement of your thesis will be most effective based on your ideas
and how your claim relates to them.
Consider the following example of a thesis statement in an academic
By changing my medium from a picture to a pop song, my message that domestic
violence disproportionately affects women was more effectively communicated
to an audience of my classmates because they found the message to be more
memorable when it was accompanied by music.
This thesis makes a critical evaluative claim (that the change of medium
was effective) about the project, and is thus a strong thesis for an academic
Evidence for academic reflection essays may include outside sources, but
writers are also asked to support their claims by including observations
from their own experience. Writers might effectively support their claims by
considering the following strategies:
Incorporating examples: What examples might help support the claims
that you make? How might you expand on your points using these
examples, and how might you develop this evidence in relation to your
Personal anecdotes or observations: How might you choose relevant
personal anecdotes/observations to illustrate your points and support
Logical explanations: How might you explain the logic behind a specific
point you are making in order to make it more credible to readers?
Consider the following example for incorporating evidence in an academic
Claim: Changing the medium for my project from a picture to a pop
song appealed to my audience of fellow classmates.
Evidence: When I performed my pop song remediation for my
classmates, they paid attention to me and said that the message, once
transformed into song lyrics, was very catchy and memorable. By the
end of the presentation, some of them were even singing along.
In this example, the claim (that the change of medium was effective in
appealing to the new audience of fellow classmates) is supported because
the writer reveals his or her observation of the audience’s reaction.
(For more about using examples and anecdotes as examples, see
“Nontraditional Types of Evidence.”)
For academic reflection essays, the organizational structure may differ from
traditional academic or narrative essays because you are reflecting on your
own experiences or observations. Consider the following organizational
structures for academic reflection essays:
Chronological Progression: The progression of points will reflect the
order of events/insights as they occurred temporally in the project.
Sample Chronological Organization for a Remediation Reflection:
Paragraph 1: Beginning of the project
Paragraph 2: Progression of the remediation process
Paragraph 3: Progression of the remediation process
Paragraph 4: Progression of the remediation process
Paragraph 5: Progression of the remediation process
Paragraph 6: Conclusion—Was the project effective. How and why?
How did the process end?
By Main Idea/Theme: The progression of points will centralize on main
ideas or themes of the project.
Sample Organization By Main Idea/Theme for a Remediation
Paragraph 1: Introduction
Paragraph 2: Discuss the message being translated
Paragraph 3: Discuss the change of medium
Paragraph 4: Discuss the change of audience
Paragraph 5: Was the change effective? Explain.
Paragraph 6: Conclusion
Remember that while these strategies are intended to help you approach
an academic reflection paper with confidence, they are not meant to be
prescriptive. Academic reflection essays are often unique to the writer
because they ask the writer to consider his or her own observations or
reactions to an experience or project. You have distinctive ideas and
observations to discuss, so it is likely that your paper will reflect this
distinctiveness. With this in mind, consider how to most effectively compose
your paper based on your specific project guidelines, instructor suggestions,
and your experiences with the project.
By: Kristen Gay
Why is it valuable for writers to read their own work aloud?
Reading their own work aloud gives writers the opportunity to take on the role of the reader. When “writers as readers” add hearing to seeing, another of the five senses is put to work in the critical evaluation process. Words and ideas that seemed to flow smoothly and connect logically inside the writer’s head often do not reflect the same sense of cohesiveness when heard in spoken form. Writers who hear their work read aloud are better equipped to evaluate the paper’s flow of ideas at the global level and to discover grammatical, punctuation, and word choice errors at the surface level.
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Writers use critical questions to find cracks and crannies, places where they need to develop or clarify their thinking. In their relentless pursuit of clearly expressed, well-developed ideas, they find soft spots—that is, passages that need to be developed or discarded and sections that just don't feel right—that feel mushy like cereal that has been sitting for too long in sour milk.
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- syntax (how we arrange our sentences)
- word choice/vocabulary
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