Reasoning with Evidence concerns

Key Concepts: Information, Data; Archive; Epistemology; Textual Research; Symbol Analyst;


Precursors to Reasoning with Evidence

Getting and evaluating information–i.e., engaging in information literacy practices–is complicated. It involves rhetorical analysis and rhetorical reasoning. And, it’s an important precursor to reasoning with evidence.

Once you’ve spent sufficient time researching a topic, once you have the data you need to say something about a topic, then you need to give some thought as to how you will reason with the evidence you’ve gathered.

Reasoning with Evidence is a tricky matter. It can be especially complicated because people may weigh

Knowing how to weave information, data and evidence (e.g., quotes, paraphrases, and summaries) into a text is a functional literacy requirement in the 21st century literacy.


Weaving the ideas and language of others into the fabric of your text can be challenging:

Across disciplines and professions, knowledge workers . . . need to be able to integrate evidence into their texts. This involves a variety of literacy competencies such as:

Works Cited

Bhabha, Homi. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994. Print.

Price Herndl, Diane. “The Writing Cure: Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Anna O., and ‘Hysterical’ Writing.” NWSA Journal 1.1 (1988): 52–74. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 30 April 2011