Processes

  • Replace doubt with believing, a fixed mindset with a growth mindset, by learning about how successful writers manage difficult writing tasks. For instance, early in the writing process, understand how a rhetor adjusts point of view and rhetorical stance in response to the rhetorical situation; how the rhetor should trust that fluency proceeds correctness–that writing is a generative act, a way of thinking.

Processes concerns the intellectual processes that writers engage in when communicating.

Processes explores how writers work with their declarative knowledge of Collaboration, Editing, Genre, Information Literacy, Invention, Mindset, Organization, Research, Rhetoric, Revision, and Style in order to create and communicate.


Collaboration, Editing, Genre, Information Literacy, Invention, Mindset, Organization, Research, Rhetoric, Revision, Style–these resources at Writing Commons focus on providing declarative knowledge about these intellectual processes.

The page below, in contrast, focuses on procedural knowledge about these processes. In other words, the goal below is to explore how rhetors manage these processes when composing. It explores how these processes interact with one another depending on the purpose of the rhetor and rhetorical situation.

The discussion of processes below is informed by research and theory in Composition Studies, which is a subdiscipline of the academic field Writing Studies.

[Dear Writers, Students & Colleagues,

Please pardon our delay in completing this page. We will have it finalized by February 2020.]

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Composing Processes: a 21st Century Model
This is the model of composition theory that informs the 2020 site redesign of Writing Commons.

Composing Processes: The Simplified Model
This is the traditional view of process as prewriting, writing, revising, and editing.

See Also: Writing Studies > Composition Theory for more in-depth research and theory in the discipline of Composition Studies as it relates to writing processes.

Additional articles on Processes:

  1. Adopt Effective Writing Habits

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  2. Avoid Procrastination

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  3. Balance Believing with Doubting

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  4. Demystify Writing Misconceptions

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  5. Document Planner

    Consider the Document Planner to be a living document. It's a snapshot of a fluid process. As you write, your...

  6. Document Review Guidelines

    Follow these recommendations for providing useful feedback on peers' writing. People are often shy about responding to others' writing. Because...

  7. Establish a Comfortable Place to Write

    Ideally, you should find a quiet place where all your needed writing resources—such as a personal computer, dictionary, and paper—are...

  8. Log Your Work

    Realize your creative potential and avoid procrastination by logging your work. You can be more productive and make writing less...

  9. Plan Your Writing

    As children many of us heard the classic fable about the tortoise and the hare. A not-so-subtle effort at parent...

  10. Play the Doubting Game

    While playing the believing game–setting aside doubt and overly critical comments–is crucial during the writing process, playing the doubting game...

  11. Revision Questions

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  12. Revision: Questions to Consider

    Writers use critical questions to find cracks and crannies, places where they need to develop or clarify their thinking. In...

  13. Scheduling Writing

    Overcome procrastination by establishing an appropriate schedule. Schedules are extremely important to writers. Documents can almost always be improved with...

  14. The Writing Log

    Rather than waiting for that illusive large block of time and rather than procrastinating until the last minute to begin...

  15. Tips for Realizing Your Creative Potential

    Realize your creative potential by adopting the work habits of successful writers, artists, and scientists.  "Even the most energetic and...

  16. Writers on Revising

    Understand the role of revision in the lives of successful writers. Our fast-paced, consumer-driven society is geared to offer a...