LGBTQ + Criticism is
- a research method, a type of textual research, that literary critics use to interpret texts
- a genre of discourse employed by literary critics used to share the results of their interpretive efforts.
LGBTQ+ Criticism finds its origins in the 90s, primarily in the United States, as critics brought attention to and expanded on some issues explored in gender studies and feminist criticism. LGBTQ+ criticism focuses on the representation of nonnormative or nonbinary gender and sexual identifications in literature, as well as the socially constructed nature of such societal elements. Additionally, queer theory has served to destabilize what has otherwise been considered the dominant ideology and normalization of heterosexuality.
Foundational Questions of LGBTQ + Criticism
- Does the text present characters that elide or cross gender and sexual identifications?
- How do the text’s characters subvert the dominant ideology of heterosexuality?
- Does the work affirm, challenge, or negate traditional ideas of men, women, and romantic relationships?