Rhetorical Options refers to different ways of developing a text in response to a Rhetorical Situation. For example, Rhetorical Options include Point of View; Rhetorical Stance; Rhetorical Appeals; and Rhetorical Modes.
Rhetorical Options are sometimes called rhetorical principles, techniques, devices, or features–or even rhetorical tools.
At Writing Commons, we emphasize the term options because we hope to emphasize that rhetors choose how to deploy these rhetorical techniques by considering the particulars of their rhetorical situations. For instance, writers would not choose first person point of view when an economics professor asked for an exposition of global financial markets.
- what point of view is most appropriate–1st person, 2nd person, or 3rd person.
- whether and when appeals to ethos, logos, pathos are most appropriate.
- whether a paragraph on whole text should deploy Rhetorical Modes (e.g., Causes & Effects, Classification, Comparison and Contrast, Definition, Description, Exemplification, Exposition, and Narration).
Rhetorical Options @ Writing Commons
|Point of View||Is 1st person, 2nd person, or 3rd person most appropriate?|
|Rhetorical Appeals:||What appeals to Ethos, Logos, and Pathos are needed?|
|Rhetorical Modes||What Rhetorical Modes will help me achieve my aims? Can the modes inform how I write an entire document or just a paragraph or section?|
|Rhetorical Stance||What Persona, Tone, and Voice will be most effective?|