Conjunctions are

  • words that connect words, phrases, or clauses.
    • IOWs, words that show relationships between ideas, across words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.
  • a part of speech

Key Concepts: Flow, Coherence, Unity; Grammar; Organization; Organizational Schema & Logical Reasoning; Parts of Speech; Sentences; Writer-Based vs. Reader-Based Prose


Writers, speakers, knowledge workers . . . use conjunctions to aid coherence–especially to join co-equal ideas via coordinating conjunctions and to show relationships across ideas via subordinating conjunctions.

There are two types conjunctions:

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions
  2. Subordinating Conjunctions

Conjunctions play two especially important roles when it comes to helping readers infer relationshipos within and across sentences :

  1. They demonstrate ideas are associated (aka coordination)
  2. They denote when one idea is subordinate to another idea (aka subordination)